生誕150年、ロシアの写真家、セルゲイ・プロクジン=ゴルスキー【歴史画像】

[Sergeĭ Mikhaĭlovich Prokudin-Gorskiĭ, bust portrait, seated in chair] (LOC) / The Library of Congress
[Sergeĭ Mikhaĭlovich Prokudin-Gorskiĭ, bust portrait, seated in chair] (LOC) / The Library of Congress

2013年9月6日 第58号

1863年8月31日に生まれたロシアの化学者であり写真家の、セルゲイ・ミハイロヴィチ・プロクジン=ゴルスキーは、3色のフィルターを通した連続撮影でカラー写真を撮る技法を開発しました。

 

ロシア貴族の家に生まれたセルゲイは、サンクトペテルブルク工科大学で化学を専攻し、サンクトペテルブルク美術大学では音楽と絵画を学びました。

1901年、サンクトペテルブルクで写真スタジオを設立した翌年、ドイツ・ベルリンを訪問し、カメラのフラッシュの発明に関わった化学者、Adolf Mietheとともに色増感や3色写真について学びました。

 

セルゲイの写真はロシアだけでなくドイツやフランスでも有名になり、1909年には皇帝ニコライ2世よりロシア各地を撮影するようにと資金を得ることとなります。

この撮影プロジェクトに全力をかけたセルゲイは、1917年の十月革命までロシアでの撮影の旅を続け、たくさんのカラー写真を残しました。

 

これらはアメリカ議会図書館が公開しているセルゲイのカラー写真です。当時のロシアの様子がとても美しく撮られています。

Russian photographer, Sergey Mikhaylovich Prokudin-Gorsky

Peasant girls. [Russian Empire] (LOC) / The Library of Congress
Peasant girls. [Russian Empire] (LOC) / The Library of Congress
View of the monastery from Svetlitsa [Island, Saint Nil Stolbenskii Monastery, Lake Seliger] (LOC) / The Library of Congress
View of the monastery from Svetlitsa [Island, Saint Nil Stolbenskii Monastery, Lake Seliger] (LOC) / The Library of Congress
Emir of Bukhara. Bukhara (LOC) / The Library of Congress
Emir of Bukhara. Bukhara (LOC) / The Library of Congress
Group. (Myself with two others, Murman) (LOC) / The Library of Congress
Group. (Myself with two others, Murman) (LOC) / The Library of Congress
Group of Jewish children with a teacher. Samarkand (LOC) / The Library of Congress
Group of Jewish children with a teacher. Samarkand (LOC) / The Library of Congress
[Armenian woman in national costume, Artvin] (LOC) / The Library of Congress
[Armenian woman in national costume, Artvin] (LOC) / The Library of Congress
Mugan. Settler's family. Settlement of Grafovka (LOC) / The Library of Congress
Mugan. Settler's family. Settlement of Grafovka (LOC) / The Library of Congress
Mullah with his female students near the Artomelinskaia mosque in Artvin (LOC) / The Library of Congress
Mullah with his female students near the Artomelinskaia mosque in Artvin (LOC) / The Library of Congress
Church of the Resurrection in the Grove (from the other side). [Kostroma] (LOC) / The Library of Congress
Church of the Resurrection in the Grove (from the other side). [Kostroma] (LOC) / The Library of Congress
Spinning yarn. In the village of Izvedovo (LOC) / The Library of Congress
Spinning yarn. In the village of Izvedovo (LOC) / The Library of Congress
Village of Deviatiny and the Saint Boris dam. [Russian Empire] (LOC) / The Library of Congress
Village of Deviatiny and the Saint Boris dam. [Russian Empire] (LOC) / The Library of Congress
Pinkhus Karlinskii. Eighty-four years [old]. Sixty-six years of service. Supervisor of Chernigov floodgate. [Russian Empire] (LOC) / The Library of Congress
Pinkhus Karlinskii. Eighty-four years [old]. Sixty-six years of service. Supervisor of Chernigov floodgate. [Russian Empire] (LOC) / The Library of Congress
Three generations. A.P. Kalganov with son and granddaughter. The last two work in the shops of the Zlatoust plant (LOC) / The Library of Congress
Three generations. A.P. Kalganov with son and granddaughter. The last two work in the shops of the Zlatoust plant (LOC) / The Library of Congress

▼参考サイト

Russian Empire in Color