ツタンカーメン王の墓を発見した考古学者、ハワード・カーター【歴史画像】

ハワード・カーター Howard Carter, der Entdecker des Grabes von Tut Ench Amun
ハワード・カーター Howard Carter, der Entdecker des Grabes von Tut Ench Amun

2013年11月8日 第74号

1922年11月4日、イギリスの考古学者ハワード・カーターが、エジプト・王家の谷でツタンカーメン王の墓を発見しました。

 

17歳からエジプトに渡っていたカーターは、1914年にイギリス貴族のカーナヴォン卿から資金援助を受け、王家の谷の発掘に取り掛かります。

ですが何も見つからないまま数年が過ぎ、1922年になると、資金提供は今年が最期と告げられます。

そのような中でも諦めなかったカーターは、ついにツタンカーメン王の墓を発見します。

墓からは、王のミイラや黄金のマスクをはじめとする副葬品も多数見つかり、「世紀の発見」と言われました。

Howard Carter discovered the tomb of pharaoh Tutankhamun

"The work of taking down the outer shrine in the sepulchral hall has presented many difficulties. Here we see the first section - the east - of the roof in course of removal.
"The work of taking down the outer shrine in the sepulchral hall has presented many difficulties. Here we see the first section - the east - of the roof in course of removal.
"The first - east front - section of the roof of the great shrine in the sepulchral hall of Tutankhamen being lowered by Mr Carter and his staff."
"The first - east front - section of the roof of the great shrine in the sepulchral hall of Tutankhamen being lowered by Mr Carter and his staff."
"Rolling off the pall from its wooden framework support. Mr Carter is on the left and Mr. Mace in the centre.
"Rolling off the pall from its wooden framework support. Mr Carter is on the left and Mr. Mace in the centre.
"Another stage in the work of rolling off the pall from its wooden framework support."
"Another stage in the work of rolling off the pall from its wooden framework support."
"The first glimpse of the stone sarcophagus within the shrines. The groupe consists of Mr Howard Carter (in the middle), Mr Mace (below), Mr Callender (above) and the two Egyptian Raisses (headmen).
"The first glimpse of the stone sarcophagus within the shrines. The groupe consists of Mr Howard Carter (in the middle), Mr Mace (below), Mr Callender (above) and the two Egyptian Raisses (headmen).
"The treasures of Tutankhamen's tomb. Transporting the objects discovered from the necropolis in the Valley of the Kings. Showing cases being carried on board across the water, it being to shallow for the barge to come right in."
"The treasures of Tutankhamen's tomb. Transporting the objects discovered from the necropolis in the Valley of the Kings. Showing cases being carried on board across the water, it being to shallow for the barge to come right in."
"The treasures of Tutankhamen's tomb. Transporting the objects discovered from the necropolis in the Valley of the Kings.
"The treasures of Tutankhamen's tomb. Transporting the objects discovered from the necropolis in the Valley of the Kings.
Mr Howard Carter's little office just outside the steps leading down to the Tomb of Tutankhamen. Captain the Hon R. Bethell is seen resting after a hard morning's work."
Mr Howard Carter's little office just outside the steps leading down to the Tomb of Tutankhamen. Captain the Hon R. Bethell is seen resting after a hard morning's work."